Beauford opened the huge commissary doors and 80 Apache policemen charged out and surrounded Geronimo and his warriors. Was it Clum’s successor, H.L. He was replaced by a series of agents who were renowned for their corruption. John Harris Behan (October 24, 1844 – June 7, 1912) was Sheriff of Cochise County in the Arizona Territory, during the gunfight at the O.K. Rip sprang forward and snatched the knife from Geronimo’s belt, while the muzzles of a half-dozen needle guns … pressed toward him – their locks clicking almost in unison as their hammers were drawn back.”. [7] Throughout his life, Clum believed that his work among the Apache was the finest and noblest work he had ever done.[2]. According to Clum, he had no idea who turned these murderers loose. Tombstone Mines: How Much Were They Really Worth? Here, according to Daklugie, the Apaches experienced the “shaking disease”. Knowing his shackled brother-in-law was headed to San Carlos, Chief Juh rode ahead. John Clum was born on a farm near Claverack, New York, USA. Caro, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro.[9]. Shop Gunfight at the O.K. See more ideas about wyatt earp, earp, old west. 'Get in this, Ike, or get out!' As the Indian agent at the San Carlos Apache Reservation in Arizona for three years in the 1870s, John Philip Clum (1851­1932) was Eskiminzin’s friend and Geronimo’s enemy. Two decades later it was made into a movie, "Walk … They tried to apply a "one-size-fits-all" strategy to deal with the "Indian problem". There he became a lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp. We didn't pay a lot of attention to them at first, but after a few months it became most unbearable. The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. Wyatt Earp (Kurt Russell) and his brothers, Morgan (Bill Paxton) and Virgil (Sam Elliott), have left their gunslinger ways behind them to settle down and start a business in the town of Tombstone, Ariz. In 1877, John Clum, Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation, became the only man to ever capture Geronimo. He returned to his father's farm in the summer of 1871. Clum then added, “You must go, now,” Geronimo sprang to his feet. According to Clum, the civil authorities in Tucson did not respond. His life before Tombstone is just as interesting, but that story is known only to a few. Corral and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873. Mar 16, 2017 - Explore Barbara Clum's board "wyett earp and john clum Tombstone Az" on Pinterest. It wasn’t to be, but now the story gets really interesting. He advanced with 22 Apache policemen, having ordered Beauford to bring his 80 the next day. They used that time to elude the cavalry and flee south. But if he did in fact capture Geronimo in 1877, why was the Bedonkohe warrior free to raid for another nine years. Governor Pesqueira of Sonora complained bitterly about the raids, and General Crook tried to figure out how to force the relocation of the raiders to the San Carlos Reservation. Santa Cruz Farmers’ Market Has It Going On! He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. While Geronimo and the six others were shackled in the guardhouse, Chiefs Juh and Eskiminzin confronted Clum at his headquarters. Clum died in Los Angeles in 1932 at age 80. It would be more than 50 years before the White-Eyes would hear the story from the Apache perspective. Returning to San Carlos with barely one-third of the Chiricahuas was a great personal embarrassment for the young agent. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum.[1]. Six started to run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them and they stopped in their tracks. Some days later, at Fort Bowie, Clum had a chat with them. Clum hid 100 of his Apache police in the commissary building at Ojo Caliente and on April 21, 1877, they surprised Geronimo, seizing his rifle and throwing him in shackles. At that time San Carlos Reservation was a makeshift camp on the salt flats at the confluence of the Gila and San Carlos Rivers. New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. But now Cochise was dead and his eldest son, Taza, was chief. John P Clum is on Facebook. During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. The heat was terrible. Three miles farther along the road a bullet tore through my coat and lead brought down my horse. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! Clum granted them three days to round up their kinsmen. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … Clum was later named postmaster for Fairbanks, Alaska, and served in that position until 1909. After waiting in vain for military reinforcements to help with the move, Clum began relocating the tribe in early June. The mosquitos in turn delivered the protozoan parasite that invades red blood cells and causes the intermittent and remittent fever we know as malaria. Where there is no grass there is no game. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … The Dutch Reformed Church was given charge of the San Carlos Reservation. That was the worst place in all the great territory stolen from the Apaches. Wickiups, covered with brush and grass, old blankets, or deerskins, smoky, smelly. Morgan Earp DeForest Kelley. What there was in the sluggish river was brackish and warm.”. It was released in September, 1956 and received excellent reviews. [2], The office was very political, as the military commanders and civilian agents competed for control over the reservation and the money associated with the responsibility. The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. The Army disliked Clum's actions, as it prevented them from raking off part of the funds that passed through the reservation. He blamed Geronimo. In January Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered. [2], To the distant politicians in Washington D.C., all Indians were alike. The Nednhi Chirica led by Juh also requested transfer. Some members of the tribe continued raiding into the Mexican states Sonora and Chihuahua. [8] The newspaper is still published today as a nationally distributed chronicle of the old west. Showing some regret over his rash decision to resign his post as Agent for San Carlos, Clum wrote in 1928: Had I remained in authority at San Carlos there is not the least doubt in my mind that [Geronimo] would have been speedily brought to trail … and his career would have ended abruptly then and there. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://truewestmagazine.com/how-did-john-clums-first-wife-die/, "San Dimas Remembered – John P. 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He was born in upstate New York in 1851 and attended a military academy before enrolling at Rutgers College where he began a classical education: Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural History and Rhetoric. The journey would take three weeks. Two months later, Victorio, Loco, and 308 other Chiricahuas bolted for New Mexico, killing twelve ranchers before surrendering at Fort Wingate in early October. "[12], Clum's friendship with the Earps and loyalty to the business leadership made him a target for the outlaw Cochise County Cowboys. Being the surly bastard that he was, Geronimo responded “ that if I (Clum) spoke with discretion no serious harm would be done to us.” This indicated to Clum that his trap had not been discovered. Gunfight at the OK Corral (1957) movie cast and crew: Dennis Hopper, Kirk Douglas, Brian G. Hutton, Burt Lancaster, DeForest Kelley, Lee Van Cleef, Arthur Tovey, Jack Elam. To do so would not only be sweet revenge. Clum called him “Skimmy” and thought Eskiminzin was a loyal follower. Angie Debo, Geronimo’s biographer, says the same and with the same lack of evidence. They sought out a candidate at Rutgers to run the reservation and were connected with Clum. According to Clum, Geronimo and Chief Juh agreed to take their people to San Carlos. He obtained a classical education, studying among other subjects Latin, Greek, Mathematics (including algebra), Natural History (including physiology) and Rhetoric. He and his newspaper had consistently supported the lawmen. With a discrete signal, Capt. Although various articles list Stuart Lake's 1931 book "Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshall" as an additional source text for the film, the book is not credited in the SAB or any contemporary reviews. Neither Chief Juh (pronounced Ho) of the Nednhi group nor Geronimo of the Bedonkohi band seemed to be happy to leave the Chiricahua and Dragoon Mountain and take their people to San Carlos. We could never put our hands definitely on those who were doing it. Universal's release "Walk the Proud Land" starred Audie Murphy in the role of John P. Clum, Apache Indian Agent and later founder of the Tombstone Epitaph. [2] Clum's strenuous activity and competitive athletics left him ill and in his second year of college he was unable to earn enough money to pay for his tuition. On December 14, Clum was on a stagecoach en route to Benson to catch a train for Washington, D.C., where he planned to spend Christmas with his parents and son. But that night, about 700 Chiricahua Apaches of the Bedonkohi and Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico. Sky Box Sets ... (Wyatt Earp) and Kurt Russell (Tombstone) ... John P Clum Whit Bissell. He implemented a limited form of self-government on the reservation that was so successful that other reservations were closed and their residents moved to San Carlos. 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